List of Prefixed Verb of Motion in Russian Language

Russian verbs of motion have been learnt in the previous lesson: The list of Russian verb of motion without prefixes. For now, we are going to talk about the list of prefixed verb of motion. In Russian language, the prefixed verb of motion is divided into two forms: spatial value (пространственное значение) and non-spatial value (непространственное значение).

1. The motion verbs with prefix of spatial value

indicate the motion, which is having the definitive direction. The prefixed verbs are при-, в-, вы-, про-, пере-, за-, под-, от-, обо-, с-, вз-, до-, раз- (…-ся), с- (…-ся).

The verbs of unidirectional motion (type идти ‘go/walk) with prefix, will form the perfective aspect verbs. Meanwhile the verbs of multidirectional motion (type ходить ‘go/ride/drive) with prefix, maintain the imperfective aspect verbs.

In the type of verb идти, it has two periods of time like all of the perfective verbs: past tense and future tense. For example:

  • Вчера он выщел из дома в 7 часов.
    ‘Yesterday he came out from home at 7 o’clock.
  • Завтра он выдет из дома в 10 часов.
    ’Tomorrow, he will come from home at 10 o’clock.

In the type of verbs ходить, it has three periods of time like all of the imperfective verbs: present tense, past tense, and future tense. Examples:

  • Обычно я выхожу из дома в 9 часов.
    ‘Usually I leave home at 9 o’clock.’
  • Работая на заводе, я всегда выходила из дома в 6 часов.
    ‘Job is at factory, I always left home at 6 o’clock.’
  • Теперь, поступив на другую работу, я буду выходить из дома в 7 часов.
    ‘Now, after entering another job, I will leave home at 7 o’clock.’


















Я пришёл в театр (из тертра)
‘I came to the theatre (from the theatre)’на концерт (с концерта),
to concert (from concert)’,

к другу (от друга).
to friend (from friend)’.









на, в

Я вошёл в дом.
‘I entered (to) the house.’Я вышел из дома. Я вышел на улицу.
‘I came out from home. I emerged on the street.’

Я вышел в коридор.
‘I came out in the corridor.’

про- через








Я прошёл через парк. Я прошёл под мостом.
‘I walked through the park. I walked under the bridge.’Я прошёл мимо дома.
‘I passed by a house.’
пере- через


на, в

Я перешёл (через) улицу.
‘I crossed the street.’Я перешёл на другую сторону.
‘I went over to the other side.’

Я перешёл в другую аудиторию.
‘I moved to a different audience.’

за- в, на





Я зашёл в магазин (на почту).
‘I went to the market (to the post office).’Я зашёл к другу.
‘I went to the other.’

Я зашёл за хлебом.
‘I went for a bread’.



к, от


в, на

Я подошёл к окну.
‘I went to the window.’Я отошёл от окна.
‘I walked away from the window.’

Я отнёс книги в библиотеку.
‘I took books to the library.’

обо- вокруг Я обошёл вокруг озера (озеро).
‘I went around the lake.’


с, на





Я сошёл с лестницы. Я слез с дерева на землю.

‘I descended the stairs. I climbed down from the tree to the ground.’

Я взбежал на пятый этаж.

‘I run up to the fifth floor.’

до- до Я дошёл до дома (за полчаса).

‘I came home (for half an hour).’

Note : Sometimes, prefix of verb repeating the prepositions. In different cases, certain preposition requires certain prefixes.

2. The motion verbs with prefix of non-spatial value

All of the verbs with prefix of non-spatial value are in perfective aspect. For example: пойти ‘go’ (perfective aspect) and походить ‘resemble’ (perfective aspect).

I. Prefix ПО- with motion verbs group I (type of идти) show in:

a. The beginning of motion or the beginning of phase. For examples:

  1. Антон пошёл в кино. ‘Anton went to the theater.’
  2. Олег поехал в Москву. ‘Oleg departed to Moscow.’
  3. Сначала он шёл медленно, ‘At first he walked slowly.’
  4. А потом побежал. ‘but then started running.’

b. The intent to do an act. For examples:

  1. Я хочу пойти в кино. ‘I want to go to the theatre.’
  2. Олега приняли в институт. ‘Olega was admitted to the institute.’
  3. Осенью он поедет в Москву. ‘In autumn he drove to Moscow.’
  4. Что там случилось? ‘What happened there?’
  5. Побегу посмотрю! ‘I will take a look!’
  6. Скоро каникулы. ‘It will be holiday soon.’ Мы полывём на лодке по Волге. ‘We are sailing on the boat along Volga river.’

Prefix ПО- with motion verbs group II (type of ходить) indicate the limited motion in time.

  1. Антон походил полчаса по парку и пошёл домой.
    ‘Anton walked for half an hour in the park and went home.’
  2. Пётр две недели поездил по стране и вернулся.
    ‘Peter traveled around the country for two weeks and came back.’
  3. Дети немного побегали по двору и пошли домой.
    ‘The kids were a little bit running in the yard and went home.’

Pay attention! The motion verbs with prefix ПО- are always in perfective aspect.

II. Prefix ПРО- with motion verbs group II (type of ходить) indicate that a certain period of time was filled by motion.

  • Два часа она проходила по магазинам.
    ‘She walked around the shops for two hours.’

III. Prefix С- with verbs group II (type of ходить) show in the one-time short-term movement back and forth.

  • Она сходила за хлебом.
    ‘She went to get the bread.’

Prefix ПРО- and С- are used like the prefix of spatial value. For example:

  • Вчера, когда я проходила (несов. вид) мимо театра, я увидела большую афишу.
    ‘Yesterday, when I walked (imperfective aspect) past the theater, I saw a big placard.’
  • Когда возврашался домой, пожилой человек медленно сходил (несов. вид) с лестницы.
    ‘When going home, an oldster descended the stairs slowly.’

Those are some explanations about prefixed verbs of motion with the list of those verbs. You could search more about the verbs, there still are many of them. If you are a beginner in Russian language, you could start with How to Learn Russian for Beginners or Common Greetings in Russian. Have fun with Russian!

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