As we have been talked on the previous article about List of Russian Verbs of Motion, which explained some Russian verbs including regular and irregular forms, now in this section we are going to give you information about The List of Russian Verbs of Motion Without Prefixes. In Russian language, Verbs in Russian Language are contained with many variations from regular and irregular, aspects, and with or without prefixes. The reason why we need to take a look a little bit closer with Russian verbs of motion without prefixes, because these verbs are mostly using in general conversation. Please kindly note, these verbs of motion without prefixes are imperfective. For more details related to that you may see on our previous lesson in the imperfective aspect in Russian verb.
Verbs of Unidirectional Motions
Verbs of Non-Directed or Various Directed Motions
Meaning in English
|Идти||Ходить||To go, to walk (пешком –on foot)|
|Ехать||Ездить||To go, to drive (на транспорте-on vehicle)|
|Плыть||Плавать||To swim, to sail|
|Нести||Носить||To carry (in one’s hands)|
|Везти||Возить||To carry (in a vehicle)|
|Вести||Водить||To lead, to drive|
|Брести||Бродить||To roam, to wander|
|Лезть||Лазить||To climb (into)|
|Тащить||Таскать||To carry, to drag|
|Катить||Катать||To roll, drive|
|–||Кататься||To skate, to go for a ride|
And below, you can see the functions of Russian verbs of motion without prefixes:
Group I (Verbs of Unidirectional Motions):
These kind of verbs can be seen in present tense which can be described as movement in one definite direction at the moment of speech (now – сейчас).
- Я иду в офис
(Ya idu ve ofis)
I go to the office
We also could see this unidirectional motions in past or future tense. In both tenses, there are two movements in one direction.
- Когда я шёл в офис, я встретил друга – past tense.
(Kagda ya syol ve ofis, ya vstryecil druga)
When I went to the office, I met friend
- Я прочитаю журнал, когда буду ехать домой – future tense.
(Ya prachitayu zhurnal, kagda budu yekhat damoy)
I will read magazine, when I go home.
Group II (Verbs of Non-Directed or Various Directed Motions)
We divide this part into five functions as you can see in further explanation below:
1. Repeated movement there and back in present or future tense:
- Я хожу в офис каждый день
(Ya khozhu ve ofis kazhdiy jyen)
I go to the office every day
We may added adverbs of time to make the sentence clearer. And here are those adverbs we could use:
- Обычно : usually
- Часто : often
- Редко : seldom
- Иногда : sometimes
- Всегда : always
- Каждый день : every day
- Никогда не : never
2. The single movement there and back (verb of motion is equivalent to the verb Был – was) – past tense.
- Вчера я ходил в школе
(Vechera ya khojil ve shkolye)
Yesterday I went to school
- Вчера я был в школе
(Vechera ya bil ve shkolye)
Yesterday I was in school
We can also use this with the verbs любить нравиться уметь научиться + infinitive verb.
- Мне нравится ходить в кино
(Mnye nravitsya khojit ve kino)
I like go to the cinema
- Он умеет плавать
(On umeyeet plavat)
He knows how to swim
To explain ability, skill, usual means of movement.
- Он хорошо бегает
(On kharasho begayet)
He runs well
The example above is using adverb хорошо for emphasizing the sentence which describing ability or how the subject is doing the movement (verb). You may read further about Russian adverbs (наречия) in how to learn Russian for beginners
- Рыбы плавают
The fishes are swimming
- Птцы летают
The birds are flying
The name of non concrete movement.
- Ходить пешком полезно
(Khojit pyeshkom palyezhna)
Walking on foot is useful
- Летать на самолёте интересно
(Lyetat na samalyote interesna)
It’s interesting to fly on airplane
There are also indirect meanings in which some verbs of motion without prefixes existed:
- Время идёт (бежит летит)
Time is running
- Дни бегут
Days are running
- Годы летят
Years are flying
- Часы идут
The clock is walking
- Облака плывут
The clouds are floating
Those are some information about Russian Verbs of Motion Without Prefixes. Surely, there are still more variations in Russian verbs that you can learn and read within this website. Please remember that to be understand better with Russian language with its grammar, you have to keep on practicing. You can practice with many ways such as reading short Russian articles on internet, watching Russian movies or listening to Russian songs and then you will notice some verbs you have learned have been spoken or written.