Conjugation in Russian Language (Regular and Irregular Verbs)

After the first lesson about conjugation in Russian language that divided into two categories, such as regular and irregular verbs, now we are going to talk about regular and irregular verbs more specifically. There also will be more examples of irregular verbs conjugation. If you are a beginner, we highly recommend you to visit How to Learn Russian for Beginners as introduction to basic Russian verbs.

Regular Russian Verbs – 2nd Conjugation

Based on R. Jakobson, in the second conjugation with suffix, there are five types of suffixed verbs. Previously, it has been described three types of them: -ИТЬ-/-И-, -ЕТЬ-/-Е- and for the third type -АТЬ-/-ЖА-, this type is used for Ж, Ч, Щ, and Ш (лежать, кричать). The last type is -ЙА-: бояться, стоять, which is a subclass of -AТЬ-.

Examples: Она громко кричит. ‘she screams loudly’.

                    Они стоят возле двери. ‘They stand near the door.’

Regular Russian Verbs – 1st Conjugation

Before now, it has been told how to conjugate the Russian verbs for the first conjugation. Then, it is time to tell the eight types of suffixed reguler verbs:

  1. A-                   : сказать, писать 
  2. N/S-А             : звать, брать
  3. -ОВА-             : рисовать, танцевать
  4. -АВАЙ-          : лавать, вставать
  5. -АЙ-               : раьотать, читать
  6. -ЕЙ-               : болеть, иметь
  7. -НУ-               : крикнуть, привыкнуть
  8. -О-                  : бороться, колоть

Examples : Она скажет его о этом фильме. ‘She will tell him about the film.’

                     Я работаю в фабрике. ‘I work in a factory.’

Irregular Russian Verbs – 1st Conjugation

In irregular verbs there is no suffix in the verbs. The types of  non suffixed irregular verbs are ten: в– (жить, плыть), н- (леть, стать, встать), /м-, /н- (жать, начать, мять), /р- (умереть, стереть), ой- (закрыть, мыть), ий- (бить, шить, пить), й- (дуть, обуть), т/д (цвести/вести), с/з- (нести/везти) and к/г- (печь, мочь).

These are some examples of conjugations for Irregular verbs:

Subject Conjugated Verbs
Мочь Хотеть Идти
Я (I) Могу Хочу Иду
Ты (You) Можешь Хочешь Идёшь
Он/Она (She/He) Может Хочет Идёт
Мы (We) Можем Хотим Идём
Вы (You) Можете Хотите Идёте
Они (They) Могут Хотят Идут

Examples : Вы можете играть в футбол. ‘You can play soccer.’

                     Мы хотим ехать в Индонезию. ‘We want to go (by transportation) to Indonesia.’

                     Анна идёт в Москве. ‘Anna goes (by walking) to Moscow.’

Those are the types of suffixed and non suffixed verbs in regular and irregular verbs. The examples have been given to you, so that you could get some ideas of conjugation in Russian language. You could try to make a sentence in Russian language with the examples of conjugation above. You may also take a sneak peek to some cases in Russian language as your guide to know more about Russian in Nominative Case in Russian Language.

Do not worry! Even though Russian conjugation is complicated, that is not impossible to master it. Try to start a conversation by learning common Basic Russian Words for Beginners. Keep learning and never give up.

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