Numbers in Russian language has two form, cardinal and ordinal. Cardinal numerals are simple word like counting in English such as one, two, and three. This type of numbers are designate to count common things and also as the answer of question Сколько? (how many/much?), that’s the question mostly related to answer that require numbers. Meanwhile, Ordinal numbers are designate to locate orders in counting such as first, second, third. This type of numbers will answer the question Какой? and Который? (which one?). In order to increase your process of learning, it will be not perfect if you’re not drown yourself in this lesson, learning numbers also essential for you because it is used in daily activities.
Both ordinal and cardinal numbers have forms that will change according to Russian grammatical cases. In this article we will provide you first basic form of numbers in Russian language so you can try to memorize it as well to learn how to pronounce it. Before you begin to learn numbers in Russian language, you may visit How to Learn Russian for Beginners as your first step to learn Russian language.
In this lesson, we are simplify the materials so you can count numbers in Russian easily. Started from number 1-10 to bigger numbers. Here are the table of basic form of Russian numbers.
Russian Numbers 1 to 10
Numbers 1 to 10 in Russian are simply like numbers 1 to 10 in English without additional ending needed for each numbers. Here are the table :
Try to count those numbers from 1 to 10, thereafter when you comfortable to pronounce it try to count from backwards without referring to them.
Russian Numbers 11 to 20
Unlike numbers 1 to 10, numbers 11 to 20 are formed with adding -надцать to it’s ending (you have to remove soft ending -ь to every number except четыре, remove ending -e) . Here are the table :
Repeat and practice more ! When you already comfortable with Russian numbers, you will find joy in learning it.
Russian Numbers 21 to 30
Numbers 21 to 30 in Russian has similar form like numbers 21 to 30 in English. Also it is the same way for numbers onwards such as 31, 41, and so on. Here are the table :
|21 – Двадцать один||dvadsat’ adin||twenty one|
|22 – Двадцать два||dvadsat’ dva||twenty two|
|23 – Двадцать три||dvadsat’ tri||twenty three|
|24 – Двадцать четыре||dvadsat’ chetyrye||twenty four|
|25 – Двадцать пять||dvadsat’ pyat'||twenty five|
|26 – Двадцать шесть||dvadsat’ shyest'||twenty six|
|27 – Двадцать семь||dvadsat’ syem'||twenty seven|
|28 – Двадцать восемь||dvadsat’ vosyem'||twenty eight|
|29 – Двадцать девять||dvadsat’ dyevit'||twenty nine|
Those numbers above are compound numbers that you have to memorize in order to ease you when doing any daily transaction related to numbers, such as make a payment.
Russian Numbers : Counting by Tens
Mostly tens number in Russian will be formed by adding same endings to it, though not all tens number has same ending but ending added at certain numbers are not hard to pronounce. That should make you easier to memorize it because it’s not too different from English numbers.
|10 – Десять||dyesit'||ten|
|20 – Двадцать||dvadsat'||twenty|
|30 – Тридцать||tridsat'||thirtyt|
|40 – Сорок||sorak||forty|
|50 – Пятьдесять||pit’dyesit'||fifty|
|60 – Шестьдесять||shyest’dyesit'||sixty|
|70 – Семьдесять||syem’dyesit'||seventy|
|80 – Восемьдесять||vosyem’dyesit'||eighty|
|90 – Девяносто||devyanosta||ninety|
|100 – Сто||stoh||one hundred|
That’s all tens number in Russian, if you want to make compound numbers such as 71 (seventy one) just combine it like the way in numbers 21 to 30 . So is at number 40, if you want to make 45 (forty five) combine it like this : 45 – Сорок один (sorak adin).
Russian Numbers 100 to 1000 : Counting by hundreds
Now, it’s time to proceed in counting hundred numbers. Larger numbers count from hundred to thousand are used intensely because it is related to counting money. Furthermore, practice it more will help you to mastering these large numbers easily. Here are the table :
|100 – Сто||sto||one hundred|
|200 – Двести||dvyesti||two hundred|
|300 – Триста||trista||three hundred|
|400 – Четыреста||chyetiresta||four hundred|
|500 – Пятьсот||pit’sot||five hundred|
|600 – Шестьсот||shyest’sot||six hundred|
|700 – Семьсот||syem’sot||seven hundred|
|800 – Восемьсот||vosyem’sot||eight hundred|
|900 – Девятьсот||dyevit’sot||nine hundred|
|1000 – Тысяча||tysyacha||one thousand|
Hundred numbers should be easily for you to memorize since most of them added with endings -сот. If you want to make it compound numbers like 141 (one hundred forty one), just combine it like this : 141 – Сто сорок один (sto sorak adin).
In Russian there are also different pronounciation and writing for larger numbers such as thousand, meanwhile it will be not complete if you learn numbers without number zero in the list :
- 1.000.000 – Миллион
- 100.000.000 – Миллиард
- 0 – Ноль
We have proudly present you basic form of numbers in Russian language. Indeed, to mastering numbers in foreign language, we will always suggest you to learn it regularly and count them even at backward way. To Enrich your knowledge here are some compound numbers, after that try to make your own compound numbers and write it down or spell it. To help you increase more of your Russian knowledge you may visit Colors in Russian Language
|86||Восемьдесять шесть||vosyemdesyat’ shyest'||eighty six|
|325||Триста двадцать пять||trista dvadsat’ pyat'||three hundred twenty five|
|1200||Тысяча двести||tysyacha dvyesti||one thousand and two hundred|
|5500||Пять тысяч пятьсот||pyat’ tsyach pit’sot||five thousand and five hundred|
|1.600.000||Миллион шестьсот тысяч||million shyest’sot tysyach||one million and six hundred thousand|
All the material related to basic form of numbers in Russian language has been explained. Now it’s time for you to write random numbers on your own after that try to pronounce it in Russian. Enrich your vocabularies not only with this article, feel free to visit Basic Russian Words for Beginners, after that proceed to begin Russian conversation in Common Greetings in Russian