Numbers in Russian Language – Basic form

Numbers in Russian language has two form, cardinal and ordinal. Cardinal numerals are simple word like counting in English such as one, two, and three. This type of numbers are designate to count common things and also as the answer of question Сколько? (how many/much?), that’s the question mostly related to answer that require numbers. Meanwhile, Ordinal numbers are designate to locate orders in counting such as first, second, third. This type of numbers will answer the question Какой? and Который? (which one?). In order to increase your process of learning, it will be not perfect if you’re not drown yourself in this lesson, learning numbers also essential for you because it is used in daily activities.

Both ordinal and cardinal numbers have forms that will change according to Russian grammatical cases. In this article we will provide you first basic form of numbers in Russian language so you can try to memorize it as well to learn how to pronounce it. Before you begin to learn numbers in Russian language, you may visit How to Learn Russian for Beginners as your first step to learn Russian language.

In this lesson, we are simplify the materials so you can count numbers in Russian easily. Started from number 1-10 to bigger numbers. Here are the table of basic form of Russian numbers.

Russian Numbers 1 to 10

Numbers 1 to 10 in Russian are simply like numbers 1 to 10 in English without additional ending needed for each numbers. Here are the table :

1 -Одинadinone
2 -Дваdvahtwo
3 -Триtrithree
4 -Четыреchetyryefour
5 -Пятьpyat'five
6 -Шестьshyest'six
7 -Семьsyem'seven
8 -Восемьvosyem'eight
9 -Девятьdyevit'nine
10 -Десятьdyesit'ten

Try to count those numbers from 1 to 10, thereafter when you comfortable to pronounce it try to count from backwards without referring to them.

Russian Numbers 11 to 20

Unlike numbers 1 to 10, numbers 11 to 20 are formed with adding  -надцать to it’s ending (you have to remove soft ending -ь to every number except четыре, remove ending -e) . Here are the table :

11 -Одинадцатьadinadsat'eleven
12 -Двенадцатьdvyenadsat'twelve
13 -Тринадцатьtrinadsat'thirteen
14 -Четырнадцатьchetyrnadsat'fourteen
15 -Пятнадцатьpitnadsat'fifteen
16 -Шестнадцатьsyestnadsat'sixteen
17 -Семнадцатьsyemnadsat'seventeen
18 -Восемнадцатьvosyemnadsat'eighteen
19 -Девятнадцатьdyevitnadsat'nineteen
20 -Двадцатьdvadsat'twenty

Repeat and practice more ! When you already comfortable with Russian numbers, you will find joy in learning it.

Russian Numbers 21 to 30

Numbers 21 to 30 in Russian has similar form like numbers 21 to 30 in English. Also it is the same way for numbers onwards such as 31, 41, and so on. Here are the table :

21 – Двадцать одинdvadsat’ adin twenty one
22 – Двадцать дваdvadsat’ dvatwenty two
23 – Двадцать триdvadsat’ tritwenty three
24 – Двадцать четыреdvadsat’ chetyryetwenty four
25 – Двадцать пятьdvadsat’ pyat'twenty five
26 – Двадцать шестьdvadsat’ shyest'twenty six
27 – Двадцать семьdvadsat’ syem'twenty seven
28 – Двадцать восемьdvadsat’ vosyem'twenty eight
29 – Двадцать девятьdvadsat’ dyevit'twenty nine
30 -Тридцатьtridsat'thirty

Those numbers above are compound numbers that you have to memorize in order to ease you when doing any daily transaction related to numbers, such as make a payment.

Russian Numbers : Counting by Tens

Mostly tens number in Russian will be formed by adding same endings to it, though not all tens number has same ending but ending added at certain numbers are not hard to pronounce.  That should make you easier to memorize it because it’s not too different from English numbers.

10 – Десятьdyesit'ten
20 – Двадцатьdvadsat'twenty
30 – Тридцатьtridsat'thirtyt
40 – Сорокsorakforty
50 – Пятьдесятьpit’dyesit'fifty
60 – Шестьдесятьshyest’dyesit'sixty
70 – Семьдесятьsyem’dyesit'seventy
80 – Восемьдесятьvosyem’dyesit'eighty
90 – Девяностоdevyanostaninety
100 – Стоstohone hundred

That’s all tens number in Russian, if you want to make compound numbers such as 71 (seventy one) just combine it like the way in numbers 21 to 30 . So is at number 40, if you want to make 45 (forty five) combine it like this : 45 – Сорок один (sorak adin).

Russian Numbers 100 to 1000 : Counting by hundreds

Now, it’s time to proceed in counting hundred numbers. Larger numbers count from hundred to thousand are used intensely because it is related to counting money. Furthermore, practice it more will help you to mastering these large numbers easily. Here are the table :

100 – Стоstoone hundred
200 – Двестиdvyestitwo hundred
300 – Тристаtristathree hundred
400 – Четырестаchyetirestafour hundred
500 – Пятьсотpit’sotfive hundred
600 – Шестьсотshyest’sotsix hundred
700 – Семьсотsyem’sotseven hundred
800 – Восемьсотvosyem’soteight hundred
900 – Девятьсотdyevit’sotnine hundred
1000 – Тысячаtysyachaone thousand

Hundred numbers should be easily for you to memorize since most of them added with endings -сот. If you want to make it compound numbers like 141 (one hundred forty one), just combine it like this : 141 – Сто сорок один (sto sorak adin).

In Russian there are also different pronounciation and writing for larger numbers such as thousand, meanwhile it will be not complete if you learn numbers without number zero in the list :

  • 1.000.000 – Миллион
  • 100.000.000 – Миллиард
  • 0 – Ноль

We have  proudly present you basic form of numbers in Russian language. Indeed, to mastering numbers in foreign language, we will always suggest you to learn it regularly and count them even at backward way. To Enrich your knowledge here are some compound numbers, after that try to make your own compound numbers and write it down or spell it. To help you increase more of your Russian knowledge you may visit Colors in Russian Language

86Восемьдесять шестьvosyemdesyat’ shyest'eighty six
325Триста двадцать пятьtrista dvadsat’ pyat'three hundred twenty five
1200Тысяча двестиtysyacha dvyestione thousand and two hundred
5500Пять тысяч пятьсотpyat’ tsyach pit’sotfive thousand and five hundred
1.600.000Миллион шестьсот тысячmillion shyest’sot tysyachone million and six hundred thousand

All the material related to basic form of numbers in Russian language has been explained. Now it’s time for you to write random numbers on your own after that try to pronounce it in Russian. Enrich your vocabularies not only with this article, feel free to visit Basic Russian Words for Beginners, after that proceed to begin Russian conversation in Common Greetings in Russian

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