How To Use Demonstrative Pronouns In Russian Language

We use demonstrative pronouns to emphasize or point out the specific object. In Russian language, the words that have a function as demonstrative pronouns are Этот, Эта, Это  (this), and Тот, Та, То (that). Maybe you have ever heard these words before.

Этот дом (This house) – Тот дом (That house)

Эта книга (This book) – Та книга (That book)

Это письмо (This letter) – То письмо (That letter)

There are some points that you should remember. When you make a sentence using a demonstrative pronoun, don’t forget about Russian cases and the singular/plural forms. The plural form of ‘this’ in the Russian language is Эти, and the plural form for ‘that’ is Те.


Этот, Эта, Это, Эти


[tr][th]Case[/th] [th] Masculine[/th] [th] Feminine[/th] [th]Neuter[/th] [th]Plural[/th][/tr]

[tr][td]Nominative[/td] [td] Этот[/td] [td]Эта[/td] [td]Это[/td] [td]Эти[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]Genitive[/td] [td]Этого[/td] [td]Этой[/td] [td]Этого[/td] [td]Этих[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]Dative[/td] [td]Этому[/td] [td]Этой[/td] [td]Этому[/td] [td]Этим[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]Accusative[/td] [td]Этого (animate), Этот
(inanimate)[/td] [td]Эту[/td] [td]Это[/td] [td]Этих (animate), Эти
(inanimate) [/td][/tr]

[tr][td]Instrumental[/td] [td]Этим[/td] [td]Этой[/td] [td]Этим[/td] [td]Этими[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]Prepositional[/td] [td]Этом[/td] [td]Этой[/td] [td]Этом[/td] [td]Этих[/td][/tr]


 Тот , Та, То


[tr][th]Case[/th] [th] Masculine[/th] [th] Feminine[/th] [th]Neuter[/th] [th]Plural[/th][/tr]

[tr][td]Nominative[/td] [td]Тот[/td] [td]Та[/td] [td]То[/td] [td]Те[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]Genitive[/td] [td]Того[/td] [td]Той[/td] [td]Того[/td] [td]Тех[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]Dative[/td] [td]Тому[/td] [td]Той[/td] [td]Тому[/td] [td]Тем[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]Accusative[/td] [td]Того (animate), Тот
(inanimate)[/td] [td]Ту[/td] [td]То[/td] [td]Тех (animate), Те
(inanimate) [/td][/tr]

[tr][td]Instrumental[/td] [td]Тем[/td] [td]Той[/td] [td]Тем[/td] [td]Теми[/td][/tr]

[tr][td]Prepositional[/td] [td]Том[/td] [td]Той[/td] [td]Том[/td] [td]Тех[/td][/tr]


Here are some examples of demonstrative pronouns in nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, instrumental, prepositional case:


  • Эта машина дорогой.
    (eta mashina dorogoy)
    This car is expensive.
  • Та книга новый.
    (ta knyiga noviy)
    That book is new.


  • У этой девушки есть много друзей.
    (u etoy debushki est’ mnogo druzey)
    This girl has many friends.
  • У той студентка есть мечта.
    (u toy studjentka est’ mechta)
    That student has a dream.


  • Мне некогда тем заниматься.
    (mnye nyekogda tem zanimat’sya)
    I don’t have time for those.
  • Этому не учат в школе.
    (etomu nye uchat ve shkole)
    This is not taught at school.


  • Я видела эту книгу в книждном магазине.
    (ya videla etu knyigu ve knyizhdnom magazine)
    I saw this book in the bookstore.
  • Я пью тот сок.
    (ya p’yu tot sok)
    I drink that juice.


  • Я не знаком с этмм человеком
    (ya nye znakom se etim chelovekom)
    I do not know this person.
  • Мы дружим с теми.
    (my druzhim se temi)
    We are friends with those (people).


  • Владимир живёт в этом доме.
    (Vladimir zhivyot ve etom dome)
    Vladimir lives in this house.
  • Мы будем смотреть фильм в том кинотеатре.
    (my budyem smotret’ fil’m ve tom kinoteatre)
    We will watch a movie at that cinema.

It will be a little difficult to make sentences using Russian cases and demonstrative pronouns for the first time. So it’s okay to re-learn each formula. Time after time, you will have a better understanding. To enrich your vocabularies, you can visit basic Russian words for beginners and Russian personal pronouns to know better how to use personal pronouns. Keep practicing.

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