Prepositional Case of Russian Adjectives – Easy for Everyone

Adjectives in Russian language are to describe nouns. For it’s using, adjectives usually following nouns to form a sentence or in other words adjectives come before a noun. Russian adjectives modify in gender, number and case. If the noun is used in the prepositional case, the adjectives will also change form following nouns. At the previous article we talked about Prepositional Case of Russian Nouns, for now let us proceed to prepositional case of Russian adjectives. Ceaselessly we give suggestion to help you learning Russian much easier, don’t forget to visit How to Learn Russian for Beginners for complete introduction related to basic Russian language.

Formation of the Prepositional Case of Adjectives

Prepositional case of Russian adjectives is formed from nominative case, so is the form of adjectives. To make it easier let’s us study how this prepositional case works on adjectives which were differentiate into singular and plural form.

Singular Form Endings of Adjectives

1. Prepositional case ending for masculine and neuter adjectives which ends with letter -ый (masculine) and -ое (neuter), change them into ending -ом. Take a look at the example below, including transformation of form compared to Nominative Case in Russian Language:

  • Это старый стадион (nominative)
    Я стою на старом стадионе (prepositional)
  • Это новое письмо (nominative)
    Мы говорим о новом исьме (prepositional)

2. Prepositional case ending for feminine adjectives, usually ends with letter -ая. Change the ending with -ой. Here are the examples :

  • Это красная сумка (nominative)
    Мой роман в красной сумке (preposition)
  • Это красивая девушка (nominative)
    Сегодня утром они говорят об этом красивой девушке (preposition)

3. Prepositional case ending for soft stem masculine and neuter adjectives that usually ends with ending – ий, change it into -ем. For soft stem feminine, you can change it into -ей. Look at the examples :

  • Это синий дом (nominative)
    Я живу в синем доме (preposition)
  • Это синая рубашка (nominative)
    Мы уже читали каталог о синей рубашке (preposition)

4. Adjectives stem ends in 5 spelling letter (ж, ш, щ, ч, ц) , ending -ом becomes -ем and -ой becomes -ей. Here are some example of how it works :

  • в хорошем костюме
  • в хорошем море
  • в хорошей комнате

Plural Form Endings of Adjectives

1. You can change endings of Russian adjectives of the prepositional case into plural ending -ых.  Look at the examples below :

  • О новых зданиях
  • В красных сумках
  • На старых стадионах

2. You can change ending for soft stem plural adjectives into -их. Here are the examples :

  • О синих зданиях
  • В синих сумках
  • На синих стадионах

3. Adjectives stem ends in 7 spelling letter (к, г, ж, ш, щ, ч, ц), plural endings will be -их. For examples :

  • О больших зданиях
  • В хороших сумках
  • На широких стадионах

That was all about prepositional case of Russian adjectives, when you already knew prepositional case in nouns it should be easy for you to start your own sentence or conversation in Common Greetings in Russian by involving this case such as asking where your friends live, or where you saved something. Talking about places or activities you may use this prepositional case. Remember this, be a language learner wouldn’t be complete without regular study and practice. Wish you a happy day!

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