How To Use Demonstrative Pronouns In Russian Language

We use demonstrative pronouns to emphasize or point out the specific object. In Russian language, the words that have a function as demonstrative pronouns are Этот, Эта, Это  (this), and Тот, Та, То (that). Maybe you have ever heard these words before.

Этот дом (This house) – Тот дом (That house)

Эта книга (This book) – Та книга (That book)

Это письмо (This letter) – То письмо (That letter)

There are some points that you should remember. When you make a sentence using a demonstrative pronoun, don’t forget about Russian cases and the singular/plural forms. The plural form of ‘this’ in the Russian language is Эти, and the plural form for ‘that’ is Те.

DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS FORMULAS

Этот, Эта, Это, Эти

Case Masculine FeminineNeuterPlural
Nominative ЭтотЭтаЭтоЭти
GenitiveЭтогоЭтойЭтогоЭтих
DativeЭтомуЭтойЭтомуЭтим
AccusativeЭтого (animate), Этот
(inanimate)
ЭтуЭтоЭтих (animate), Эти
(inanimate) 
InstrumentalЭтимЭтойЭтимЭтими
PrepositionalЭтомЭтойЭтомЭтих

 Тот , Та, То

Case Masculine FeminineNeuterPlural
NominativeТотТаТоТе
GenitiveТогоТойТогоТех
DativeТомуТойТомуТем
AccusativeТого (animate), Тот
(inanimate)
ТуТоТех (animate), Те
(inanimate) 
InstrumentalТемТойТемТеми
PrepositionalТомТойТомТех

Here are some examples of demonstrative pronouns in nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, instrumental, prepositional case:


Nominative

  • Эта машина дорогой.
    (eta mashina dorogoy)
    This car is expensive.
  • Та книга новый.
    (ta knyiga noviy)
    That book is new.

Genitive

  • У этой девушки есть много друзей.
    (u etoy debushki est’ mnogo druzey)
    This girl has many friends.
  • У той студентка есть мечта.
    (u toy studjentka est’ mechta)
    That student has a dream.

Dative

  • Мне некогда тем заниматься.
    (mnye nyekogda tem zanimat’sya)
    I don’t have time for those.
  • Этому не учат в школе.
    (etomu nye uchat ve shkole)
    This is not taught at school.

Accusative

  • Я видела эту книгу в книждном магазине.
    (ya videla etu knyigu ve knyizhdnom magazine)
    I saw this book in the bookstore.
  • Я пью тот сок.
    (ya p’yu tot sok)
    I drink that juice.

Instrumental

  • Я не знаком с этмм человеком
    (ya nye znakom se etim chelovekom)
    I do not know this person.
  • Мы дружим с теми.
    (my druzhim se temi)
    We are friends with those (people).

Prepositional

  • Владимир живёт в этом доме.
    (Vladimir zhivyot ve etom dome)
    Vladimir lives in this house.
  • Мы будем смотреть фильм в том кинотеатре.
    (my budyem smotret’ fil’m ve tom kinoteatre)
    We will watch a movie at that cinema.

It will be a little difficult to make sentences using Russian cases and demonstrative pronouns for the first time. So it’s okay to re-learn each formula. Time after time, you will have a better understanding. To enrich your vocabularies, you can visit basic Russian words for beginners and Russian personal pronouns to know better how to use personal pronouns. Keep practicing.

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