Colors in Russian Language – Forms and Explanations

Color is perception of human vision. This perception of color derives from stimulation of human eye and finally described through color categories as we know until now. Colors in Russian language known as Цвета, in Russian, colors has it’s own utterance but has forms as adjective. Before we further to adjective forms of colors in Russian, we will describe basic colors in Russian language first include pronounciation and translation in English.

Russian Words for Colors

Learning color words in Russian should be fun and improve your knowledge, especially vocabularies. Happy learning for those who became interested in learning Russian. For beginners, we recommend you to visit How to Learn Russian for Beginners as basic guide or introduction to Russian language. So, here are the table of colors in Russian :

RussianPronounciationTranslation
Белыйbyeliywhite
Чёрныйchyorniyblack
Синийsiniiyblue
Розовыйrozaviypink
Зелёныйzelyoniygreen
Жёлтыйzhyoltiyyellow
Красныйkrasniyred
Оранжевыйoranzheviyorange
Фиолетовыйfialetoviyviolet/purple
Коричневыйkarichnyeviybrown
Серыйsyeriygrey
Голубойgaluboiysky blue

Note : In addition, there are also colors in Russian called “light” – светло (svyetla) and “dark” – темно (tyemna), for example :

  • Cветло-зелёный
    svyetla zelyoniy
    light green
  • Tемно-зелёный
    tyemna-zelyoniy
    dark green

Word forms of Colors in Russian

As mentioned berfore, words of colors in Russian language has adjective forms. It is because adjective described nouns and pronouns to make an effective sentence. If pronouns and nouns have gender, so is adjectives will change the form following their gender. In this case, colors in Russian usually following nouns. Here are word form of Colors in Russian adjusted with gender in nominative case :


ColorsMasculine singularFeminine SingularNeutral singularPlural
WhiteБелый (byeliy)Белая (belaya)Белое (beloye)Белые (beliiye)
BlackЧёрный (chyorniy)Чёрная (chyornaya)Чёрное (chyornoye)Чёрные (chyorniye)
BlueСиний (siniiy)Синяя (sinyaya)Синее (sinyeye)Синие (siniye)
PinkРозовый (rozaviy)Розовая (rozavaya)Розовое (rozavoye)Розовые (rozaviye)
YellowЖёлтый (zhyoltiy)Жёлтая (zholtaya)Жёлтое (zholtoye)Жёлтые (zholtiye)
RedКрасный (krasniy)Красная (krasnaya)Красное (krasnoye)Красные (krasniye)
OrangeОранжевый (oranzheviy)Оранжевая (oranzhevaya)Оранжевое (oranzhevoye)Оранжевые (oranzheviye)
VioletФиолетовый (fialetoviy)Фиолетовая (fialetovaya)Фиолетовое (fialetovoe)Фиолетовые (fialetoviye)
BrownКоричневый (karichnyeviy)Коричневая (karichnyevaya)Коричневое (karichnyevoye)Коричневые (karichnyeviye)
GreyСерый (syeriy)Серая (seraya)Серое (seroye)Серые (seriye)
Sky blueГолубой (galuboy)Голубая (galubaya)Голубое (galuboye)Голубые (galubiye)
GreenЗелёный (zelyoniy)Зелёная (zelyonaya)Зелёное (zelyonoe)Зелёные (zelyoniye)
Light greyCветло-Серый (svetla-syeriy)Cветло-Серая (svetla-seraya)Cветло-Серое (svetla-seroye)Cветло-Серые (svetla-seriye)
Dark redTемно-Красный (tyemna-krasniy)Tемно-Красная (tyemna-krasnaya)Tемно-Красное (tyemna-krasnoye)Tемно-Красные (tyemna-krasniye)

Those are adjective forms (nominative case) of colors in Russian language. Now we proceed to look at the form of Russian colors in sentences so you can imagine how adjective able to change form according to gender of nouns. Here are the examples :

  • У меня есть зелёная книга в моей комнате
    u menya est zelyonaya knyiga ve mayeiy komnate
    I have a green book in my room
  • Я хочу купить жёлтую рубашку в магазине
    ya khachu kupit’ zhyoltuyu rubashku ve magazine
    I want to buy yellow shirt in the store
  • Когда Я ходила вчера в парке, там много красных воздушных шаров
    kagda ya khajila vchera ve parke, tam mnoga krasnykh vozdushnyx sharov
    When I went to the park yesterday, there are many red balloons

We already introduce you to words for colors in Russian language including forms and explanation. Process to mastering a foreign language are needed, in that case we suggest you to keep learning by practice each words in Russian over and over again. To improve your process of learning you may visit Basic Russian Words for Beginners  after that try the next step to increase your ability in speaking Russian in Common Greetings in Russian.

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