150 Basic Russian Words for Beginners

Language is identity for every nation. Every language has it’s own unique and power through it’s meaning and understanding. Russian has many words and uniquely it also has 6 cases known as Пaдеж (Padjezh), it is grammatical system that form a sentence as well telling you about what a word doing in a sentence.  At this time we will not discuss about cases in Russian language, this article will introduce you to basic Russian words for beginners. If you are beginners in Russian, we recommend you to visit How to Learn Russian for Beginners first to learn about basic guide to know about Russian and proceed to this article.

In process of learning foreign language, in this case Russian. It is necessary to know basic words that mostly used by Russian people in daily activities or daily conversation. Here we present you basic Russian words for beginners that you can learn and memorize as your progress of learning.

At the table below, we give you basic and common words that was used in Russian including pronounciation and translation in English.

1. Basic Russian Words for Animals

Names of animal can be basic lessons for language learners, even for childrens. Animals has different names for every country’s language. Here are lists of animal names :

RussianPronounciationTranslation
Левlyevlion
Собакаsabakadog
Кошкаkoshkafemale cat
Котkotmale cat
Волкvolkwolf
Рыбаriybafish
Птицаptitsabird
Тигрtigrtiger
Медведьmedvyed'bear
Акулаakulashark
Дельфинdel’findolphin
Змеяzmeyasnake
Крокодилkrokodilcrocodile
Лягушкаlyagushkafrog
Свиньяsvin’yapig
Короваkarovacow
Курицаkuritsahen
Бабочкаbabochkabutterfly
Жирафzhirafgiraffe

Those are some animals name in Russian, try to memorize it as your progress of learning.


2. Basic Russian Words for Fruits

Same like animal names, fruit can be alternative words to learn basic parts of foreign language. Here are the lists :

RussianPronounciationTranslation
Яблокоyablakoapple
Апельсинapyel’sinorange
Дыняdiynyamelon
Арбузarbuzwatermelon
Гранатgranatpomegranate
Клубникаklubnikastrawberry
Кивиkivikiwi
Ананасananaspineapple
Виноградvinogradgrape
Персикpersikpeach
Папайяpapaiyapapaya
Черникаchyernikablueberry
Лимонlimonlemon
Кокосkokoscoconut
Крушаkrushapear
Бананbanan
Вишняvishnyacherry
Мангоmanggamango
Гуайяваguaiyyavaguava

Those are some common fruits name in Russian, keep remembering it.

3. Basic Russian Words for Foods and Drinks

There are some food and drink in Russia that can be translated into english, but there are also foods and drinks that can’t be translated, esepecially Russian traditional foods or drinks. It is because Russian has their own utterance and meanings for certain foods and drinks.

Foods and DrinksPronounciationTranslation
Сокsokjuice
Жареная курицаzharenaya kuritsafried chicken
Жареный рисzhareniy risfried rice
Малокоmalakomilk
Овощиovasyivegetables
Чайchaiytea
Кофеkofyecoffee
Мясоmyasameat
Пирожноеpirozhnoyecake
Лапшаlapshanoodles
Шоколадshakaladchocolate
Сырsiyrcheese
Печеньеpechen’yecookies
Блинblinpancake
Мороженоеmarozhenoyeice cream
Хлебkhlyebbread
Вода/Минеральная Водаvada/mineralnaya vadawater/mineral water
Рисrisrice
Виноvinawine

Those are some foods and drinks names in Russian, food can be general product or ingredient for cuisine as mentioned above so is the names of drinks.

4. Basic Russian Words for Musical Instruments

Musical instruments also has different pronounciation in every country’s language including Russia. Here are some basic musical instrument words in Russia:

RussianPronounciationTranslation
Гитараgitaraguitar
Гианиноpianinapiano
Барабанbarabandrum
Бас-гитараbas-gitaraguitar bass
Флейтаfleiytaflute
Трубаtrubatrumpet
Скрипкаskripkaviolin
Арфаarfaharp
Бубенbubyentambourine
Окаринаakarinaocarina
Саксофонsaksafonsaxophone
Аккордеонakkardionaccordion
Виолончельvialancyel'cello
Губная гармоникаgubnaya garmanikaharmonica
Мелодикаmeladikamelodica
Кларнетklarnyetclarinet
Электрогитараelektrogitaraelectric guitar
Мандолинаmandalinamandolin
Гобойgaboiyoboe

Those are some basic musical instruments names in Russian, if you love music or having a hobby related to music,  then you should study well to memorize those musical instruments names.

5. Basic Russian Words for Limbs

Limbs are anatomy of human bodies. It is undeniable that knowing part of limbs are essential for language learners, here are the lists :

RussianPronounciationTranslation
Главаglavahead
Волосыvalosyhair
Глазglazeye
Носnosnose
Ухоukhaear
Губаgubalip
Щекаsyekacheek
Шеяsheyaneck
Рукаrukahand
Палецpalyetsfinger
Костьkost'bone
Кожаkozhaskin
Ногаnogaleg
Желудокzheludakstomach
Плечоplichoshoulder
Ягодицаyigoditsabuttock
Пяткаpyatkaheel
Коленоkalyenaknee
Подбородокpadbarodokchin

Those are some limbs names in Russian. As human being we often mention parts of our human body intentional or unintentionally in our daily conversation. In that case it should be easily for you to memorize it well 🙂


From the  explanation of basic Russian words for beginners above, we can conclude that there are also common Russian word that can be translated and it can be basic lesson for beginners of language learners. Try to pronounce it and studying over and over again so you can memorize those words. Remember that learning language needs effort and perseverance in order to master the foreign language that you want, try to practice more through conversation from page Common Greetings in Russian as your next step of studying.

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